National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Focused Science Topics

The stated goal of LWS, that of achieving an understanding of those aspects of the Sun-Earth system that have direct impact on life and society, poses two great challenges for the TR&T program. First, the TR&T must tackle large-scale problems that cross discipline and technique (e.g., data analysis, theory, modeling, etc.) boundaries; and second, the TR&T must identify how this new understanding will have a direct impact on life and society. To address these requirements, the TR&T Steering Committee identifies a set of Focused Science Topics to be emphasized each year.  In addition, NASA desires a balance of research investigation techniques for each Topic, including theory, modeling, data analysis, observations, and simulations.  Once selected, these investigators will form a team in order to coordinate their research programs (similar to the PIs selected for a NASA hardware mission who form a coordinated science working group). These teams will define a plan for structuring their work into an integrated research program that ideally will address the Focused Science Topic in a much more complete way than any one investigation could by itself. These teams will also define success measures and deliverables for their integrated program, develop strategies for disseminating their results to the science community and NASA, and prepare an integrated final Team Report at the end of the three-year duration of the selected investigations.

The FSTs coordinate large-scale investigations that cross discipline and technique boundaries leading to an understanding of the system linking the Sun to the Solar System both directly and via the heliosphere, planetary magnetospheres, and ionospheres (terrestrial upper atmosphere?)



Search Research Highlights:


 

NNH16ZDA001N

Characterization of the Earth's Radiation Environment

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Characterization of the Earth’s Radiation Environment

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Studies of the Global Electrodynamics of Ionospheric Disturbances

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Advances Toward a Near Real Time Description of the Solar Atmosphere and Inner Heliosphere

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


NNH15ZDA001N

Space Weather at Terrestrial Planets

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


The Solar-Stellar Connection

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


NNH14ZDA001N

Prediction of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Vector Bz at 1AU

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Targeted Science Team Research Highlights


Ion-Neutral Interactions in the Topside Ionosphere

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Targeted Science Team Research Highlights


Physics-based methods to predict connectivity of SEP sources to points in the inner heliosphere, tested by location, timing, and longitudinal separation of SEPs

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


NNH13ZDA001N

Thermospheric wind dynamics during geomagnetic storms and their influence on the coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere system

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Targeted Science Team Research Highlights


Short term solar/atmospheric variability and climate

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Targeted Science Team Research Highlights


Connection between Solar Interplanetary Structures and the response of Earth's radiation belts

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Magnetic Flux Ropes from the Sun to the Heliosphere

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Targeted Science Team Research Highlights


Connection between Solar Interplanetary Structures and the response of Earth’s radiation belts

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Targeted Science Team Research Highlights


NNH11ZDA001N

Flare Dynamics in the Lower Solar Atmosphere

Focused Science Team Research Highlights
Team Lead: Haimin Wang


Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling During Stratospheric Sudden Warmings

Focused Science Team Research Highlights
Team Lead: Larisa Goncharenko


Interaction Between the Magnetotail and the Inner Magnetosphere and its Impacts on the Radiation Belt Environment

Focused Science Team Research Highlights


Interaction Between the Magnetotail and the Inner Magnetosphere and the Impact of that Interaction on the Radiation Belt Environment

Focused Science Team Research Highlights
Team Lead: Frank Toffoletto


    NNH10ZDA001N

    Factors that Control the Highly Variable Intensity and Evolution of Solar Particle Events

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
    Team Lead: Natchimuthuk Gopalswamy


    Incorporating Plasma Waves in Models of the Radiation Belts and Ring Current

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
    Team Lead: Richard Thorne


    Jets in the Solar Atmosphere and their Effects in the Heliosphere

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
    Team Lead: Edward DeLuca


    Low-To Mid-Latitude Ionospheric Irregularities and Turbulence

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights


    NNH09ZDA001N

    Determine the Behavior of the Plasmasphere and its Influence on the Ionosphere and Magnetosphere

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
    Team Lead: Pontus Brandt


    Predict Onset and Space Weather Effects of Fast CMEs/Eruptive Flares

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights


    Plasma-Neutral Gas Coupling

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
    Team Lead: Geoffrey Crowley


    Plasma Neutral Gas Coupling

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights


    Origin and Nature of the Slow Solar Wind, Associated Interplanetary Structures and SEP Transport

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights


    Predict the Onset and Space Weather Impacts of Fast CMEs/Eruptive Flares

    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
    Team Lead: Mark Linton


      Origin and Nature of the Slow Solar Wind, Associated Interplanetary Structures, and SEP Transport

      Focused Science Team Research Highlights
      Team Lead: Thomas Zurbuchen


        NNH08ZDA001N

        Integrate Non-MHD/Kinetic Effects on Magnetic Reconnection, Particle Energization, and Plasma Heating into Global Models.

        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


        Measure the properties of the solar dynamo that affect solar irradiance and active region generation.

        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


        Use Inner Heliospheric Observations to better constrain Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) and Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) Event models.

        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


        Determine the possible role of galactic cosmic ray particles as a source for cloud condensation nuclei in the troposphere and lower stratosphere.

        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


        Integrate Non-MHD/Kinetic Effects on Magnetic Reconnection, Particle Energization, and Plasma Heating into Global Models

        Focused Science Team Research Highlights
        Team Lead: Spiro Antiochos


        Determine and Quantify the Responses of Atmospheric/Ionospheric Composition and Temperature to Solar XUV Spectral Variability and Energetic Particles

        Focused Science Team Research Highlights
        Team Lead: Elsayed Talaat


        Measure the Properties of the Solar Dynamo That Affect Solar Irradiance and Active Region Generation

        Focused Science Team Research Highlights
        Team Lead: Peter Foukal


          Use Inner Heliospheric Observations to Better Constrain Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) and Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) Event Models

          Focused Science Team Research Highlights
          Team Lead: O. St. Cyr


            NNH07ZDA001N

            Focused science topic for Strategic Goal 1 (Solar storms): Exploring the magnetic connection between the photosphere and low corona

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights


            Prediction of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Vector Bz at L1

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights


            Joint Focus Topics with Planetary Science: Extreme Space Weather Events in the Solar System

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights


            Focused science topics for Strategic Goal 3 (Near Earth Radiation): Toward combined models of acceleration, loss and transport of energetic electrons and protons in the magnetosphere

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights


            Focused science topics for Strategic Goal 4 (Ionosphere-Thermosphere): Determine the sources of daily variability in the thermosphere and ionosphere

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights


            Focused science topics for Strategic Goal 2 (Sun-Climate): Solar Modulation of the galactic cosmic rays and the production of cosmogenic isotope archives of longterm solar activity, used to interpret past climate changes.

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights


            Toward combined models of acceleration, loss and transport of energetic electrons and protons in the magnetosphere

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights
            Team Lead: Michael Liemohn


            Extreme Space Weather Events in the Solar System

            Focused Science Team Research Highlights
            Team Lead: Yingjuan Ma


              Solar Modulation of the galactic cosmic rays and the production of cosmogenic isotope archives of long-term solar activity, used to interpret past climate changes.

              Focused Science Team Research Highlights
              Team Lead: Petrus Martens


                Determine the sources of daily variability in the thermosphere and ionosphere

                Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                Team Lead: Stanley Solomon


                  Exploring the Magnetic Connection Between the Photosphere and Low Corona

                  Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                  Team Lead: Alphonse Sterling


                    NNH06ZDA001N-LWS

                    Predict Emergence of Solar Active Regions Before they are Visible

                    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                    Team Lead: Aaron Birch


                    Understand how Flares Accelerate Particles near the Sun (i.e., through Shocks and/or Reconnection) and how they Contribute to Large SEP Events

                    Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                    Effects of Ionospheric-Magnetospheric Plasma Redistribution on Storms

                    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                    Team Lead: William Lotko


                    Investigate the Global Distribution, Sources and Effects of Large Electron Density Gradients at Middle and Low Latitudes

                    Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                    Solar Origins of Irradiance Variations

                    Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                    Flares Particle Acceleration Near the Sun and Contribution to Large SEP Events

                    Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                    Team Lead: Glenn Mason


                      Global Distribution, Sources and Effects of Large Density Gradients

                      Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                      Team Lead: Rod Heelis


                        NNH05ZDA001N

                        Shock acceleration of solar energetic particles by interplanetary CMEs

                        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                        Determine the mechanisms that heat and accelerate the solar wind

                        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                        Mechanism for solar wind heating and acceleration

                        Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                        Team Lead: Miralles Mari-Paz


                        Solar wind plasma entry and transport in the magnetosphere

                        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                        Storm effects on the global electrodynamics and the middle and low latitude ionosphere

                        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                        Determine the effects of changes in the atmospheric abundance of greenhouse gases on the temperature and dynamics of the upper atmosphere

                        Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                        Shock acceleration of SEPs by interplanetay CMEs

                        Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                        Team Lead: Martin Lee


                          NRA-NNH04ZSS001N

                          To quantify the response of thermospheric density and composition to solar and high latitude forcing.

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                          To determine the topology and evolution of the open magnetic field of the Sun connecting the photosphere through the corona to the heliosphere.

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                          To determine the mechanisms responsible for the formation and loss of new radiation belts in the slot region in response to geo-effective solar wind structures.

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                          To determine the solar origins of the plasma and magnetic flux observed in an Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection.

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                          To relate solar-energetic particles to their origin at the sun and inner heliosphere.

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                          Formation and loss of new radiation belts in the slot region

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                          Team Lead: Michael Liemohn


                          To quantify the sensitivity of regional and global climate to solar forcing in the full context of the interactive climate system.

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights


                          Sensitivity of regional and global climate to solar forcing

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                          Team Lead: Terrence Nathan


                          Solar origins of plasma and magnetic flux in an ICME

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                          Team Lead: Zoran Mikic


                          Solar-energetic particles origin at the sun and inner heliosphere

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                          Team Lead: Mihir Desai


                          Response of thermospheric density and composition to solar and high latitude forcing

                          Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                          Team Lead: Arthur Richmond


                            Topology and evolution of open magnetic field: photosphere to heliosphere

                            Focused Science Team Research Highlights
                            Team Lead: Thomas Zurbuchen